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Toward Self-Powered Medical Implants

Roger Shih



  1. Biophan Technologies, Inc.
  1. Graham-Rowe D.  “Power implant aims to run on body heat.”  NewScientist 16 Jun 2004.
  1. Paradiso JA, Starner T.  "Energy scavenging for mobile and wireless electronics."  IEEE 4.1 (2005): 18-27.
  1. Platt SR.  “Electric Power Generation Within Orthopaedic Implants Using Piezoelectric Ceramics.”  Aug 2003.
  1. Qin Y, Wang XD, Wang ZL.  "Microfiber-Nanowire Hybrid Structure for Energy Scavenging."  Nature 451 (2008): 809-813.
  1. Song J, Zhou J, Wang ZL.  "Piezoelectric and Semiconducting Coupled Power Generating Process of a Single ZnO Belt/Wire. A Technology for Harvesting Electricity from the Environment"  Nano Lett. 6.8 (2006): 1656-1662.
  1. Spies P.  “Electricity from body heat.”  Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Aug 2007.
  1. Than K.  “Body Movement Generates Electricity in Miniature Device.”  LiveScience 13 Apr 2006.
  1. University of Alberta.  “Tiny Self-Powered Wireless Microsensor for Monitoring Bone Healing.”  Azonanotechnology 19 Oct 2006.
  1. Wang XD, Song JH, Liu J, Wang ZL.  "Direct-Current Nanogenerator Driven by Ultrasonic Waves."  Science 316 (2007): 102-105.
  1. Wang XD, Liu J, Song JH, Wang ZL.  "Integrated Nanogenerators in Biofluid."  Nano Lett. 7.8 (2007): 2475-2479.
  1. Wang ZL, Song JH.  "Piezoelectric Nanogenerators Based on Zinc Oxide Nanowire Arrays."  Science (Apr 2006): 242-246.
  1. Wang ZL.  "Self Powered Nanotech."  Scientific American (Jan 2008): 82-87.
  1. Wikipedia article on piezoelectricity.
  1. Wikipedia article on the thermoelectric effect.
  1. Dr. Zhong Lin Wang’s homepage.



Created by Roger Shih for BME 240 at UCI, Spring 2008