Helpful Links & Resources



What is the ACL?


ACL damage/current treatments


Tissue Engineering Strategies


Helpful Links & References











Website made by Shia-Yen Teh ( 2006)


Relevant Links

Encyclopedia of Sports Medicine and Science- Anterior Cruciate Ligament Prostheses

Orthopaedics Northeast- ACL Injury & Repair

Sports Medicine Center- Knee Ligament Anatomy

Arthroscopic ACL (surgery) Reconstruction

BME 240 Homepage


Interesting Research Articles

Frank CB, Jackson DW. 1997. The science of reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament. J. Bone Jt. Surg. 79:1556-76       

Weitzel PP, Richmond JC, Altman GA, Calabro T, Kaplan DL. 2002. Future direction of the treatment of ACL ruptures. Orthop. Clin. North Am. 33:653-61   

Vunjak-Novakovic G, Altman G, Horan R, Kaplan DL. 2004. Tissue Engineering of Ligaments. Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 6:131-56          Pubmed

Petrigliano FA, McAllister DR, Wu BM. 2006. Tissue Engineering for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Review of Current Strategies.  J. Arthroscopic and Related Surgery. 22:441-451       Pubmed

Cooper JA, Lu HH, Ko FK, Freeman JW, Laurencin CT. 2004. Fiber-based tissue-engineered scaffold for ligament replacement: design considerations and in vitro evaluation.  Biomaterials 26:1523-32    Pubmed