BME 240 Clinical Medicine For Biomedical


Deep Brain Stimulation via electrodes as a safe and effective treatment of Parkinson's disease



[1] NINDS Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease Information Page, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, January 24, 2006

[2] Mayberg HS, Lozano AM, Voon V, McNeely HE, Seminowicz D, Hamani C, Schwalb JM, Kennedy SH. Deep brain stimulation for treatment-resistant depression. Neuron. 2005 Mar 3;45(5):651-60.

[3] Loannides, Antonis, Pathophysiology and neurosurgical treatment options in Parkinson's Desease. The Medical Directory. 2001.

[4] Schupbach et al. Cognitive outcome five years after bilateral chronic stimulation of subthalamic nucleus in patients with Parkinson's disease. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2005; 76: 1640-1644

[5] National Parkinson Foundation


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