Examples of retinal disorders are:

  • Retinal detachment - a medical emergency, when the retina is pulled away from the back of the eye
  • Macular pucker - scar tissue on the macula
  • Macular hole - a small break in the macula that usually happens to people over 60
  • Floaters - cobwebs or specks in your field of vision [2]


Retinal diseases vary and some are easily treated while others consist of more complicated scenarios.  Symptoms of retinal diseases could include:  specks floating in the visual field, to blurred or lost vision. [3]  There are several treatment options for mild forms of a retinal disorder.  This site is focused on illustrating solutions to severe forms of retinal disease, such as blindness. 

Visual prosthetics consist of stimulating several different levels of the visual system to aid individuals who are partially blind or blind.  There are three main types of visual prosthetics [4]: